Canadian Hazaras Condemn The Recent Massacre Against The Hazaras in Hazarajat

17 06 2010

On Sunday the 13th of June 2010, Canadian Hazaras gathered in Toronto to protest against the invasion of Hazara towns and villages in Central Afghanistan and the killings of many innocent Hazaras in those communities by the Kochies. They also condemned the negligence of the Afghan government to take action against this violent attack which had taken many lives including women and children. They hope that the UN will not stay silent while many innocent families are being massacred by the Kochies.

There will be a more detailed report for this protest posted here once more information is available.





پان تورکیزم

7 04 2010

پان تورکیزم جنبشی است که به دلایل فراوان در صدد بوجود آوردن یک اتحاد سیاسی، فرهنگی و ایدیولوژیکی در میان ممالک و اقوام تورک نژاد میباشد. پان تورکیزم تقریبا صد سال پیش مطرح گردید و بعد از آن طرفداران بی شماری پیدا کرده است. گرچه مردم تورکتبار خواهان بوجود آوردن همچو وحدتی را هستند اما به دلیل گرفتاریها و مشکلات سیاسی و اقتصادی، ممالک تورکنژاد موفق به برنامه ریزی دقیقتر و جدی تری برای بوجود آوردن این اتحادیه نشده اند

این یک حقیقت تلخیست که اقلیتهای تورکتبار در حال از دست دادن فرهنگ و زبان خود هستند چون آنها به آن تعدادی نیستند که بتوانند زبان و فرهنگ اصلی خود را در بین زبان و فرهنگ حاکم حفظ نمایند. در بسیاری از ممالک، مخصوصا در شرق، تلاش لازم به حفظ فرهنگ و زبان اقلیتها صورت نمیگیرد و آهسته آهسته از بین میروند. از دست دادن فرهنگ و زبان برای تمدن انسانی ضرر بزرگ و جبران ناپزیریست

هدف از این حرکت و یا وحدت نژادپرستی و یا برتری جویی نیست. وقتی تاریخ را ورق میزنیم می بینیم که اقلیتهای تورکتبار صدها سال مورد ستم و ظلم دیگران بوده اند و از حقوق خود محروم مانده اند، آنها چندین بار در گذشته مورد حملات و قتل عام های نژادپرستان قرار گرفته اند. هدف از بوجود آوردن این وحدت رفع مشکلات اجتماعی، سیاسی، اقتصادی و همکاریهای فرهنگی در میان مردم تورکتبار است

تلاش و زحمات رهبران و فرهنگیانی که در این راه کار کرده اند قابل قدر است، اما از آغاز این حرکت تا امروز پیشرفت و یا تغییر بزرگی بدست نیامده است. به عقیده ی من پیشرفت های کوچکی که در این راه حاصل شده است محدود بوده اند

برای رسیدن به اهداف بزرگ باید در صدد شناسایی و بدست آرودن اهداف کوچکتر باشیم تا راه برای رسیدن به هدف اصلی ساده تر گردد. داشتن محافل مشترک فرهنگی و همکاریهای سیاسی در سطح یک کشور میتواند آغاز این راه باشد. اقلیتهای تورکتبار از این طریق میتوانند فرهنگ خود را حفظ کنند و رشد دهند و از مشکلات همدیگر هم باخبر باشند





Stage 1 – Hazara ancestors before 12th century (The Huns)

30 10 2009

Note: Please read Introduction before continuing with this post.

The Kushans

Kushan Empire is believed to be one of the first recorded empires in the history of Afghanistan. It was a religious and multi-ethnic empire that had its capital located at Bamiyan city. Hazara ancestors had settled in Bamiyan and other area around it before the first century. The Kushan Empire was run by the people of Bamiyan who were Buddhist at that time. They were also joined by the people of Takharistan. Kushan Empire started in the 1st century AD and ended 300 years later.

The Huns

‘Turan’ is an ancient Dari word which means Central and part of North Asia. To be more specific it refers to the regions that are today known as Mongolia and some countries surrounding it. Around 400 BC, present day Mongolia was home to many nomadic tribes. It was around 250 BC when a young and capable leader named Touman Khan appeared among the tribal Khans in the steppes of Mongolia. In 234 BC his son Modu/Mette was born who later formed the Great Hun Empire in 209 BC.

There are some sources that introduce Huns as an Iranic people or just as an unidentified group of people. However, it is quite clear who Huns were and what their origin was. ‘Hun’ is an ancient Mongol/Turkic word which means ‘people’. Huns were the ancestors of all Mongol and Turk tribes.

All the nomadic tribes who lived in the great vast steppes of Mongolia were united by Modu Khan and formed one united Hun army. Chinese sources refer to Huns as ‘Xiongnu’. Their sources contain information regarding Hunnic lifestyle, tradition and military conquests. All the sources refer to them as brave and skilful hunters and superb horsemen who had a nomadic lifestyle.

Hun Empire kept growing year by year. Their confidence and unity made them believe that there was no power that could resist or stand against their army. Slowly they started expanding to the West in Eurasian regions as well as to other parts of Asia.

In Europe, Huns were led by Atila Khan, where he created the European Hun empire. Later, his successors established Hungary and Bulgaria.

Sami are the indigenous people of Sweden. They have a lot in common with the Huns. Their language and culture suggest that they are also Mongoloid and related to Huns.

Hun conquestsRed Huns and Ak Huns

Moving back to the Hun conquest, while most of the Huns continued their expansion in the West, some rode South towards present day Afghanistan. Red Huns also known as Chionites, settled in Central Afghanistan and were in power for one hundred years (from 320 AD – 420 AD) when the Ak Huns (Hephthalites) also came and replaced the Red Huns.

Ak Huns ruled from 420 AD till 600 AD. Ak in Turkic means white, therefore, Ak Hun means White Huns or Hephthalites. After their settlement in those regions, they had a long history of conflicts with the Sasanids. Sasanids were an Indo-European people located in the present day Iran.

Buddhas of Bamiyan were built by the Huns of Central Afghanistan. But it is still uncertain as to which particular Hunnic group built them. According to Ann Heirman and Stephan Peter (1), the Giant Buddhas of Bamiyan were built by the Ak Huns. However, another source mentions that these Buddhas were erected by the Red Huns, before the arrival of the Ak Huns (2).

Unfortunately there are not enough sources to tell us the exact names of all the tribes that were part of these Huns. However, the link between the present day Hazaras and the Huns are quite clear. Uar and Hun were the two biggest tribes, but there were many more.

Atta, Yezderi, Baghcheri and Gari are some of the ancient Hazara tribes who live mainly in Ja Ghury, Afghanistan. Without a doubt, these names resemble ancient Hunnic names. There are many similarities and proofs that suggest these tribes are descendants of Ak Huns.

Hazara ancestors before the 12th century created several empires:

  1. Kushan Empire
  2. Red Hun and Ak Hun Empires
  3. Kabul Turk Shahi
  4. Ghaznadiv Dynasty
  5. Ghurid Turkic Dynasty

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Sources:

(1) “The Spread of Buddhism” by Ann Heirman & Stephan Peter Bumbacher, Part 8 Vol. 16, pp 88

(2) “Rhie 1999-2002” Vol. 1. pp 232f





Turkic and Mongol Nations all around the globe

28 10 2009

I came across this very interesting video on YouTube which shows all Turkic and Mongol ethnicities. It gives a good indication of how many and how diverse Turk o Mongol ethnicities are.





Naiman Hazaras

16 10 2009

Naiman Hazaras constitute a large portion of Hazara population in Afghanistan. Like many other Hazaras, they are Sunni, Shia and they also have considerable number of Ismailies among them. They live mainly in Shekhali region of Hazaristan, as well as Baghlan province in Northern Afghanistan. Other independent Naimans live outside Afghanistan mainly in Central Asian countries, such as Kazakhstan (1), Uzbekistan and Mongolia (2).

Shekhali is not a tribe, it’s an area. Hazaras living in Shekhali are mainly Naimans. However, they have formed smaller clans to organise themselves such as Naimo, Karamali etc. In Hazaragi, we tend to pronounce a word which ends with an “aan” as just “o”, e.g. Bamiyan = Bamiyo or Jaan = Jo etc. Therefore, “Naimo” stands for the name Naiman.

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(1) The Kazakhs, Second Edition – By: Martha Brill Olcot

(2) Wapedia – ( http://wapedia.mobi/en/Naymans )





Hazara History – Introduction

20 09 2009

Hazara history follows a number of chronological stages. However, the most important events to the history of the Hazara people occurred after the establishment of the ancient Bamiyan civilisation, which dates back many centuries before the birth of Christ. Hazara ancestors had already created a rich culture and civilisation before they built the giant statues of the Buddha. So the construction of the statues in the 350 AD does not indicate the start of their civilisation.

There is still uncertainties to whether the statues were built by the Kushan Empire or the Hunnic empires. Kushan Empire started in the first century and ended in 300AD, which was not when the statues were constructed. Hunnic tribes rose to power after the Kushans, so there is a convincing proof that the statues were built by the Huns.

To simplify the Hazara history it is a good idea to divide the events into two stages, which will help us to clarify some of the incorrect assumptions that are made by some historians.

  1. Before 12th century – The Kushans and the Hunnic Hazara ancestors who build the Gaint Buddhas in Bamiyan, Mahmood of Ghazni (Ghaznavid Empire) and Mohammad Turk of Ghuri etc…
  2. During and after the 12th centuty – The Great Mongol Empire, Ilkhaanid Empire…

Hazara is not a tribe. Hazara is a confederation of many Mongolic and Turkic tribes. It was formed after the collapse of the Ilkhaanid Empire, when the defeated soldiers returned back home (Hazaristan) from other countries. So Hazaras are an Altaic people. This is also proven by DNA tests and their physical features and most importantly their history.

I will add more to this in my future posts.